The corporate rate has been slashed to 22% if companies choose not to avail exemptions and incentives. The effective tax rate would be 25.17% after including all surcharges. Also, these companies would not be required to pay Minimum Alternative Tax (MAT).Here is why due to Reduction in Corporate Tax , the Manufacturing companies will be benefited the most.
- Push to Make-in-India: Domestic companies incorporated on or after October 1 and are making fresh investments in manufacturing are allowed to pay 15% tax if the exemptions are not availed. The companies must commence production before the end of FY23. They also are not required to pay MAT.
- Companies seeking exemption and incentives can pay MAT of 15%, which was earlier 18.5%.
- The sale of equity shares and equity-oriented mutual funds will not attract additional surcharge on capital gains tax for individuals and HUFs. Earlier, individuals earning Rs 2-5 crore and those earning more than Rs 5 crore had to pay a surcharge of 25% and 37%, respectively. Now, a higher rate of surcharge shall not apply on capital gains as this has been revised.
- Companies now have permission to use 2% CSR spending on incubators funded by IITs, NITs, national laboratories, and autonomous bodies.
- Tax on share buyback will not be levied for those listed companies that made the announcement before July 5.
- These new measures will have an impact of Rs 1.45T on government’s exchequer on an annual basis.
Implications of Reduction in Corporate Tax:
- Capex to increase: Companies’ bottom line is expected to improve significantly,with the reduced taxation depending on the tax benefit they receive . This increased earnings can be utilized for increasing their capex.
- FDI and FIIs inflows to increase:
The tax cut will make India competitive to Asian countries. Foreign companies might take this opportunity to invest aggressively in India.
As there is a push from both the monetary and fiscal side, the economy is likely to revive. Currently, repo rates are at a nine-year low of 5.4%.
Companies operating in the higher tax bracket will make the most of the benefits with effective tax being lowered (such as private banks which, on average, attract tax of 33-35%) . Auto and Cement are set to reap the benefits through a recovery in the capex cycle sectors.
- Impact on fiscal deficit:
During FY20 budget announcement, the government targeted fiscal deficit of 3.3%, a reduction of 10bps from last year. It estimated it will collect revenue of Rs 24.5T. Today’s announcement will reduce the revenue to the exchequer by Rs 1.45T, and as a result, the fiscal deficit target might be missed. However, the government's other initiatives like disinvestments in public-sector companies can make up for it with a boost in non-tax revenue.